Centuries ago, much of the UK was covered in forest. Over the years however, people have cut trees down for: fuel, building materials and to make room for farming. The forests have become smaller and many have just disappeared altogether.
Today, most of the forests in the UK are located in upland areas because it is a profitable way of using land which may be: too high, too steep and infertile to farm on. They can also be used by visitors for recreation.
The Kielder Forest, near the Scottish border in northern Northumberland, is the third largest forest in the UK and covers an area of 610km2. Over 1 million coniferous trees grow in it, with sitka spruce covering the largest area - planted because it is fast growing. Forest tracks, picnic sites, log cabins and camping/caravan sites are provided for the 300,000 visitors to the forest each year. They enjoy activities like: walking, horse riding, cycling and orienteering.
There are two types of wood commonly used for manufacturing:
Also, rubber, some waxes, resins, gums and many medicines come from trees as well.
Forests need to be managed properly because trees are very important living things.
To look after forests, people must limit how many trees are felled and also plant new trees to replace them.